The Science of Mother Love
A growing body of scientific evidence shows that the way babies are cared for by their mothers will determine not only their emotional development, but the biological development of the child's brain and central nervous system as well. The nature of love, and how the capacity to love develops, has become the subject of scientific study over the last decade. New data is emerging from a multitude of disciplines including neurology, psychology, biology, ethology, anthropology and neurocardiology. Something scientific disciplines find in common when putting love under the microscope is that in addition to shaping the brains of infants, mother's love acts as a template for love itself and has far reaching effects on her child's ability to love throughout life.
To mothers holding their newborn babies it will come as little surprise that the 'decade of the brain' has lead science to the wisdom of the mother's heart.
According to Alan Schore, assistant clinical professor in the department of psychiatry and biobehavioral sciences at UCLA School of Medicine, a major conclusion of the last decade of developmental neuroscience research is that the infant brain is designed to be molded by the environment it encounters.1 In other words, babies are born with a certain set of genetics, but they must be activated by early experience and interaction. Schore believes the most crucial component of these earliest interactions is the primary caregiver - the mother. "The child's first relationship, the one with the mother, acts as a template, as it permanently molds the individual's capacities to enter into all later emotional relationships." Others agree. The first months of an infant's life constitute what is known as a critical period - a time when events are imprinted in the nervous system.
"Hugs and kisses during these critical periods make those neurons grow and connect properly with other neurons." Says Dr. Arthur Janov, in his book Biology of Love. "You can kiss that brain into maturity."
Hormones, The Language of Love
In his beautiful book, The Scientification of Love, French obstetrician Michel Odent explains how Oxytocin, a hormone released by the pituitary gland stimulates the release of chemical messengers in the heart. Oxytocin, which is essential during birth, stimulating contractions, and during lactation, stimulating the 'milk ejection reflex', is also involved in other 'loving behaviors'. "It is noticeable that whatever the facet of love we consider, oxytocin is involved.' Says Odent. "During intercourse both partners - female and male - release oxytocin." One study even shows that the simple act of sharing a meal with other people increases our levels of this 'love hormone'.2
The altruistic oxytocin is part of a complex hormonal balance. A sudden release of Oxytocin creates an urge toward loving which can be directed in different ways depending on the presence of other hormones, which is why there are different types of love. For example, with a high level of prolactin, a well-known mothering hormone, the urge to love is directed toward babies.
While Oxytocin is an altruistic hormone and prolactin a mothering hormone, endorphins represent our 'reward system'. "Each time we mammals do something that benefits the survival of the species, we are rewarded by the secretion of these morphine-like substances." Says Odent.
During birth there is also an increase in the level of endorphins in the fetus so that in the moments following birth both mother and baby are under the effects of opiates. The role of these hormones is to encourage dependency, which ensures a strong attachment between mother and infant. In situations of failed affectional bonding between mother and baby there will be a deficiency of the appropriate hormones, which could leave a child susceptible to substance abuse in later life as the system continually attempts to right itself.3 You can say no to drugs, but not to neurobiology. Human brains have evolved from earlier mammals. The first portion of our brain that evolved on top of its reptilian heritage is the limbic system, the seat of emotion. It is this portion of the brain that permits mothers and their babies to bond. Mothers and babies are hardwired for the experience of togetherness. The habits of breastfeeding, co-sleeping, and babywearing practiced by the majority of! mothers in non-industrialized cultures, and more and more in our own, facilitate two of the main components needed for optimal mother/child bonding: proximity and touch.
PROXIMITY, Between Mammals, the Nature of Love is Heart to Heart
In many ways it's obvious why a helpless newborn would require continuous close proximity to a caregiver; they're helpless and unable to provide for themselves. But science is unveiling other less obvious benefits of holding baby close. Mother/child bonding isn't just for brains, but is also an affair of the heart. In his 1992 work, Evolution's End, Joseph Chilton Pearce describes the dual role of the heart cell, saying that it not only contracts and expands rhythmically to pump blood, it communicates with its fellow cells. "If you isolate a cell from the heart, keep it alive and examine it through a microscope, you will see it lose it's synchronous rhythm and begin to fibrillate until it dies. If you put another isolated heart cell on that microscopic slide it will also fibrillate . If you move the two cells within a certain proximity, however , they synchronize and beat in unison." Perhaps this is why most mothers instinctively place their babies to their left breast, keep! ing those hearts in proximity. The heart produces the hormone, ANF that dramatically affects every major system of the body. "All evidence indicates that the mother's developed heart stimulates the newborn heart, thereby activating a dialogue between the infant's brain-mind and heart." says Pearce who believes this heart to heart communication activates intelligences in the mother also. "On holding her infant in the left-breast position with its corresponding heart contact, a major block of dormant intelligences is activated in the mother, causing precise shifts of brain function and permanent behavior changes." In this beautiful dynamic the infant's system is activated by being held closely; and this proximity also stimulates a new intelligence in the mother, which helps her to respond to and nurture her infant. Pretty nifty plan - and another good reason to aim for a natural birth. If nature is handing out intelligence to help us in our role as mothers we want to be awake ! and alert!
"The easiest and quickest way to induce depression and alienation in an infant or child is not to touch it, hold it, or carry it on your body." - James W. Prescott, PhD
Research in neuroscience has shown that touch is necessary for human development and that a lack of touch damages not only individuals, but our whole society. Human touch and love is essential to health. A lack of stimulus and touch very early on causes the stress hormone, cortisol to be released which creates a toxic brain environment and can damage certain brain structures. According to James W. Prescott, PhD, of the Institute of Humanistic Science, and former research scientist at the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, sensory deprivation results in behavioral abnormalities such as depression, impulse dyscontrol, violence, substance abuse, and in impaired immunological functioning in mother deprived infants.4 For over a million years babies have enjoyed almost constant in-arms contact with their mothers or other caregivers, usually members of an extended family, receiving constant touch for the first year or so of life. "In nature's nativity scene, ! mother's arms have always been baby's bed, breakfast, transportation, even entertainment, and, for most of the world's babies, they still are." says developmental psychologist, Sharon Heller in, The Vital Touch: How Intimate Contact With Your Baby Leads to Happier, Healthier Development.5
To babies,touch = love and fully loved babies develop healthy brains. During the critical period of development following birth the infant brain is undergoing a massive growth of neural connections. Synaptic connections in the cortex continue to proliferate for about two years, when they peak. During this period one of the most crucial things to survival and healthy development is touch. All mammal mothers seem to know this instinctively, and, if allowed to bond successfully with their babies they will provide continuous loving touch.
Touch deprivation in infant monkeys is so traumatic their whole system goes haywire, with an increase of stress hormones, increased heart rate, compromised immune system and sleep disturbances.6
With only 25% of our adult brain size, we are the least mature at birth of any mammal. Anthropologist, Ashley Montagu concluded that given our upright position and large brains, human infants are born prematurely while our heads can still fit through the birth canal, and that brain development must therefore extend into postnatal life. He believed the human gestation period to actually be eighteen months long - nine in the womb and another nine outside it, and that touch is absolutely vital to this time of "exterogestation."7
Newborns are born expecting to be held, handled, cuddled, rubbed, kissed, and maybe even licked! All mammals lick their newborns vigorously, off and on, during the first hours and days after birth in order to activate their sensory nerve endings, which are involved in motor movements, spatial, and visual orientation. These nerve endings cannot be activated until after birth due to the insulation of the watery womb environment and the coating of vernix casseus on the baby's skin.
Recall Dr. Janov's claim that you can kiss a brain into maturity. Janov believes that very early touch is central to developing a healthy brain. "Irrespective of the neurojuices involved, it is clear that lack of love changes the chemicals in the brain and can eventually change the structure of that brain."
BREASTFEEDING: Liquid Love
Breastfeeding neatly brings together nourishment for baby with the need for closeness shared by mother and child; and is another crucial way that mother's love helps shape baby's brain. Research shows that breastmilk is the perfect "brain food", essential for normal brain development, particularly, those brain processes associated with depression, violence, and social and sexual behaviors.8
Mother's milk, a living liquid, contains just the right amount of fatty acids, lactose, water, and amino acids for human digestion, brain development, and growth. It also contains many immunities a baby needs in early life while her own immune system is maturing. One more instance of mother extending her own power, (love) to her developing child.
LIMBIC REGULATION: The Loop of Love
Another key to understanding how a mother's love shapes the emerging capacities of her infant is what doctors Thomas Lewis, Fari Amini, and Richard Lannon , authors of A General Theory of Love, call limbic regulation; a mutually synchronizing hormonal exchange between mother and child which serves to regulate vital rhythms.
Human physiology, they say, does not direct all of its own functions; it is interdependent. It must be steadied by the physical presence of another to maintain both physical and emotional health. "Limbic regulation mandates interdependence for social mammals of all ages." says Lewis, "But young mammals are in special need of it's guidance: their neural systems are not only immature but also growing and changing. One of the physiologic processes that limbic regulation directs, in other words, is the development of the brain itself - and that means attachment determines the ultimate nature of a child's mind." A baby's physiology is maximally open-loop: without limbic regulation, vital rhythms collapse posing great danger, even death.
The regulatory information required by infants can alter hormone levels, cardiovascular function, sleep rhythms, immune function, and more. Lewis, et al contend that , the steady piston of mother's heart along with the regularity of her breathing coordinate the ebb and flow of an infant's young internal rhythms. They believe sleep to be an intricate brain rhythm which the neurally immature infant must first borrow from parents. "Although it sounds outlandish to some American ears, exposure to parents can keep a sleeping baby alive."
The Myth of Independence
This interdependence mandated by limbic regulation is vital during infancy, but it's also something we need throughout the rest of childhood and on into adulthood. In many ways, humans cannot be stable on their own-we require others to survive. Recall that our nervous systems are not self-contained; they link with those of the people close to us in a silent rhythm that helps regulate our physiology. This is not a popular notion in a culture that values independence over interdependence. However, as a society that cherishes individual freedoms more than any other, we must respect the process whereby autonomy develops.
Children require ongoing neural synchrony from parents in order for their natural capacity for self-directedness to emerge. A mother's love is a continuous shaping force throughout childhood and requires an adequate stage of dependency. The work of Mary Ainsworth has shown that maternal responsiveness and close bodily contact lead to the unfolding of self-reliance and self confidence.9 Because our culture does not sufficiently value interpersonal relationships, the mother/child bond is not recognized and supported as it could be.
The ability of a mother to read the emotional state of her child is older than our own species, and is essential to our survival, health and happiness. We are reminded of this each time a hurt child changes from sad/scared/angry to peaceful in our loving embrace. Warm human contact generates the internal release of opiates, making mother's love a powerful anodyne. Even teenagers who sometimes behave as if they are 'so over' the need for a mother's affection must be kept in the limbic loop. Children at this age might be at special risk for falling through the emotional cracks. If they don't get the emotional regulation that family relationships are designed to provide, their hungry brains may seek ineffectual substitutes like drugs and alcohol.
Children left too long under the electronic stewardship of television, video games, etc., are not receiving the steady limbic connection with a resonant parent. Without this a child cannot internalize emotional balance properly.
Our hearts and brains are hardwired for love, and from infancy to old age our health and happiness depend on receiving it.
As the research keeps coming in and we gain a gradually expanding vision of how mother love shapes our species, we see an obvious need to take steps to protect and provide for the mother/child bond. We can take heart knowing that all the while we carry in our genes over a million years of evolutionary refinements equipping us for our role as mothers. The answers sought by science beat steadily within our own hearts.
Notes 1. Schore, Alan, Effects of a Secure Attachment Relationship on Right Brain Development, Affect Regulation, and Infant Mental Health, 2001 2.Verbalis, J.G., McCann, McHale and Stricker, 'Oxytocin secretion in response to cholecystoknin and food: differentiation of nausea from satiety.' Science 1986, 232: 1417-19 3. Prescott, James W., PhD, Breastfeeding: Brain Nutrients in Brain Development For Human Love and Peace, From Touch The Future Newsletter, Spring 1997 http://www.violence.de/prescott/ttf/article.html 4. Prescott, James W., PhD, The Origins of Human Love and Violence, From Pre and Perinatal Psychology Journal, Volume 10, #3: Spring 1996 5. Henry Holt, 1997 6. Prescott, James W. , Ph.D , Rock A Bye Baby, Time Life Documentary, 1970, Executive Producer: Lothar Wolff, Scientific Consultant. (last modified 2001/04/16). 7. Montagu, Ashley Touching : The Human Significance of the Skin, Harper, 1986 8. Prescott, James W., PhD, Breastfeeding: Brain Nutrients in Brain Development For Human Love and Peace, From Touch The Future Newsletter, Spring 1997 http://www.violence.de/prescott/ttf/article.html 9. Ainsworth, M.D.S., "Attachments Across the Life Span." Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine 61, 1985
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© 2004 Cori Young
Cori Young is a writer and herbalist living in the Pacific Northwest. Visit her website HerbalRemediesInfo.com
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If you're a seafood lover, chances are you're obsessed with salmon. Rich in omega-3 fatty acids, it's a protein that's high in vitamin B and a good source of ...
Need a snack? Buy a can of chickpeas, and make these recipes Tampa Bay Times
This week's recipes are mostly inspired by the fact that my husband and I are about to embark on a road trip up the East Coast to see a beloved friend get ...
This fresh tomato sauce is rich, flavorful and yours in under an hour The Washington Post
Now is the time to stock up using those farmers market tomatoes.
Local Chefs Share Recipes and Tips at Grange Fair Demos - State College News
After 145 years, the Centre County Grange Fair continues to keep up with the times even as it holds on to tradition. Its Celebrity Chef Farm to Table series is not ...
17 Baking Recipes for Total Beginners Yahoo Lifestyle
You've just binged four seasons of The Great British Bake-Off and you're officially ready to channel your inner Mary Berry. The only problem? Your baking ...
9 Easy Meatless Meal Recipes ConsumerReports.org
These 9 meatless meal recipes from Consumer Reports are delicious and make it easy to get more plant protein into your diet.
Jacks: Favorite tailgate recipes from friends Barrow Journal
Sending get well wishes out to my neighbor when I was growing up, Alton Thornton, and my neighbor now, George Pabis. Both of these men are physically fit ...
Homemade relish recipes spice up cookout meals MyWebTimes.com
Dear Lynn: I'm looking for some recipes for candy that are tasty but not too complicated. â Mary, from North Utica.
15+ Gnocchi Recipes - Easy Gnocchi Dinner Ideas Delish
Whether you opt for marinara sauce or you bake this Italian favorite with cheese and meat, these easy gnocchi dinner ideas are bound to be a family favorite.
Turmeric recipes for arthritis: 10 healthful options Medical News Today
Turmeric is an anti-inflammatory spice. Research suggests turmeric and other anti-inflammatory foods can help relieve arthritis symptoms. This article looks at 10 ...
Spice up your family picnic with these tasty Mrs Crunch recipes The Sun
IT may be barbecue season but there is nothing more quintessentially British than packing up a picnic and heading to the park, woods or river. Instead of dishing ...
The 'Easy Keto For Busy People' Cookbook Makes The Diet Sustainable When Life Gets Crazy - Women's Health
The 'Easy Keto For Busy People' Cookbook Makes The Diet Sustainable When Life Gets Crazy Women's Health
Keto-friendly lunch, dinner, dessert, and snack recipes the whole family will love? Look no further than the book Easy Keto For Busy People for quick meals.
Our 47 Best Zucchini Recipes The New York Times
It's everywhere. We're ready to make zucchini pancakes, a tart with eggs and *fresh* herbs (above), and all the recipes in the collection below.
Bring Out Your Inner Glow With Glow Recipes Fruit-Powered Skincare KTLA Los Angeles
Co-Founders of Glow Recipe Sarah Lee and Christine Chang joined us live to tell us all about their clean fruit powered skincare to bring out your inner glow.
A Greek summer meal in four dishes - recipes The Guardian
Conjure up a taverna in your own kitchen with this four-course feast of aubergine fritters, grilled prawns with feta, courgette and caper salad, and fa cooling ...
Recipes: Watermelon and cantaloupe are the stars of these summer dishes The Coloradoan
Local Colorado watermelon and cantaloupe are available now, sweet and juicy and utterly delicious.
Peaches, raspberries and wine: This white sangria is bright and refreshing The Washington Post
It may just become your new favorite summer drink.
This Simple Fish Recipe is a Show Stopper The Wall Street Journal
From Sofreh in Brooklyn, this branzino with a flavorful herb and walnut stuffing is quick to make and impressive to serve.
If you're cooking on holiday, don't forget to pack these blueprint recipe ratios The Telegraph
At this time of year, a lot of us who cook experience the same sinking feeling. I am talking about that first look around the kitchen of the place where you are ...
RECIPES: Family-friendly recipes for breakfast, lunch and dinner Richmond Register
Morning routines, homework, practices and more are all part of back-to-school season, and even when time is short, flavorful meals can be, too.
Design Recipes: 5 tips for bargain dĂ©cor finds The Providence Journal
Great design doesn't have to be expensive to look expensive. A secret of many interior designers is to blend a mix of high with low, creating vignettes and ...
14 Keto and Low-Carb Ice Cream Recipes to Sweeten Up Your Night Parade
In a world full of busy lifestyles, it's nice to hit the pause button with a bowl of ice cream every once in a while. It's also impossible to feel stressed when you're ...
Scientists cook up new recipes for taking salt out of seawater Phys.org
As populations boom and chronic droughts persist, coastal cities like Carlsbad in Southern California have increasingly turned to ocean desalination to ...
Recipes Are Here! The Jersey Shoreâs Vinny Guadagnino Is Releasing a 'Keto Guido' Cookbook - Yahoo Entertainment
Recipes Are Here! The Jersey Shoreâs Vinny Guadagnino Is Releasing a 'Keto Guido' Cookbook Yahoo Entertainment
The Jersey Shore's Vinny Guadagnino is going from reality show star to author with the upcoming release of The Keto Guido Cookbook, which is set to hit stores ...
Best Marinade Recipes From Around the World for Chicken, Steak & More Thrillist
Here's an (admittedly incomplete) international guide to marinades in order to take your grilling skills from novice to seasoned pro.
Let This Recipe Change How You Cook The New York Times
Perfecting the technique for a seasonal risotto, like this tomato dish, opens up a year's worth of meals.
Dessert Diva shares her Gooey Sâmores Squares recipe WFLA
Dessert Diva Danette Randall stopped by News Channel 8 and showed Gayle and Evan how to make Gooey S'mores Squares, no campfire needed.
Loving Summer Blonde Ale Recipe Craft Beer & Brewing
This blonde ale is more flavorful than your average âlawnmowerâ beer, so save it for after you mow. Once you dial in the recipe, this beer will get your ...
Unique recipes for bacon 9News.com KUSA
National Bacon Lover's Day is coming up. Executive Chef Adam Vero from Hearth & Dram shows us some bacon-infused cinnamon rolls.
Meal Planning for Weight Loss: Tips, Recipes, and Sample Menu Healthline
When it comes to weight loss meal plans, the magnitude of options can be overwhelming. Here are a few things to keep in mind when you search for the most ...
Recipe: Thin rounds of zucchini in this lemony spaghetti are never cooked â and theyâre delicious - The Boston Globe
Recipe: Thin rounds of zucchini in this lemony spaghetti are never cooked â and theyâre delicious The Boston Globe
Use slender, young zucchini for this dish because they're sweeter and drier than the large squash, which have a high water *content*.
Recipe: Roasted bell peppers and feta cheese make a satisfying âjumbleâ for summer - San Bernardino County Sun
Recipe: Roasted bell peppers and feta cheese make a satisfying âjumbleâ for summer San Bernardino County Sun
Summer gatherings should highlight food that is delicious but easy to prepare. No one wants to spend a lot of time in the kitchen when the weather is hot.
Six portable snack recipes for your beachside (or other outdoor) eating The Washington Post
Whether it's snacks or sandwiches you're after, these options are bound to satisfy.
Recipe: Elote pasta salad FOX 13 News, Tampa Bay
Vanessa is at it again, taking elote (Latin street corn) and turning it into a pasta salad for this week's Good Day Gourmet recipe.
Recipe: Southern Fried Corn Alabama NewsCenter
Y'all, I just love fried corn. Like, love it. For those of you not too familiar with Southern fried corn, it's not a big ol' ear of corn deep fried â though I have seen that.
Banana Rum Muffins without Gluten, Dairy, Nuts, or Even Added Sugar Go Dairy Free
These easy gluten-free Banana Rum Muffins are made without Gluten, Dairy, Nuts, and Alcohol! The recipe includes an added sugar-free option.
Recipe: How to Make an Old Fashioned Gear Patrol
Few recipes in the cocktail kingdom are as divisive as the Old Fashioned. Here's how to make one like a pro.
Parsi recipes with a twist Mumbai Mirror
The delicacies tend to be as traditional as possible, but there are a few dishes that buck the trend.
Plant Based News Showcases 'The Very Best' Vegan Food With New Recipe Section Plant Based News
Plant Based News is showcasing 'the vest best' vegan food with the launch of its new recipe section. Featuring submissions from top-name plant-based chefs ...
12 Indulgent, Gourmet Hot Dog Recipes Sure to Elevate Any Summer BBQ StyleCaster
It's easy to get stuck in the same rut of traditional grill items, but these gourmet hot dog recipes are here to spice things up.
Slang Jang was a family recipe I thought I hallucinated The Takeout
While American cuisine has quite a few universally agreed-upon summer staplesâhamburgers and hot dogs, ice cream and apple pie, grilled anythingâsome ...
A Healthy Beginning: 6 Easy & Quick Millet Recipes to Power up Your Breakfast The Better India
Bengaluru: Millet is sustainable, healthy and delicious. If you wish to start your day on a healthy note, try these tasty millet/ ragi breakfast recipes.
Fennel sausage, tomato and lentil stew recipe Telegraph.co.uk
Lentils are another great thing I always add to the shopping list, but the key to the one-pot stew featured here is to buy really good sausages â the flavour is ...
Dexedrine, Cylert, and Adderall in the Treatment of ADHD
Dexedrine is not prescribed very often for the treatment of ADHD out here in California, but those patients that we've seen on it have done well. Typically it is prescribed to patients who have not responded to Ritalin very well.
Develop Your Childs Genius: Training Your Child for Success
This time, I would like to talk about a subject that is appropriate for every age group out there. Even we, parents, can benefit from this, we can develop success skills together with our children.
Parenting Your Teenager: The 4 Ds of Time with Family
How would you like to have more time? Of course we all want more time. There are just two problems: 1.
Say No to Mealtime Mayhem: Eating Out With Your Baby or Toddler
Many parenting books advise against eating out with young children. Their short attention span and need to be involved in everything will mean a nightmare for you, they say.
Using Cloth Nappies
We all know that using cloth nappies is best for the environment and for our baby's health (not to mention our pockets) but just how easy are they to use?Here are answers to some common questions to help get you started. Are cloth nappies easy to use?The short answer, is YES.
How Public Schools Coerce Parents Into Giving Mind-Altering Drugs To Their Children
Despite the potentially dangerous side-effects of Ritalin, public school authorities now pressure many parents to give Ritalin to their children so these kids won't "act up" in school.Naturally, most parents don't want to drug their children just because they are unruly, bored in class, or high-spirited.
You Dont Need a Supernanny to Be an Active Parent
The hot new reality TV show "Nanny 911" has been joined by a similar nanny-to-the-rescue show called "Supernanny." These shows depict families in which the children are extremely out of control, rebellious, spoiled or otherwise quite a handful.
What To Do When You Think Your Child Might Have AD/HD
AD/HD (attention deficit disorder) is one of the most common mental health disorders seen in childhood. Studies estimate that between 3-7% of all children have AD/HD: approximately 2 million children in the USA alone, or one child in every classroom.
Breastfeeding, Its My Right
My name is Duncan and I'm 2 years old. I want to thank my Mommy and Daddy for choosing breastmilk as my only food for my first six months.
Friendships - Helping Children Develop Friendship Skills
Reasearch into children's friendships shows that those children who are able to form friendships when they start school are happier at school and also learn better.More significantly, a positive beginning to friendships has long-term implications for social and indirectly academic success.
Intro to Medications for ADD ADHD
The most common medications used in the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder are stimulant medications. Anti-depressant medications, and even anti-convulsant medications, are sometimes used as well, though this is less common.
Think Like Your Kids - And Understand Them More!
Seven-year old Michael was on a school trip to a Wildlife Centre in Central Scotland. It was near the end of the day and they were in the Gift Shop before boarding the bus for the journey home.
7 Easy Ideas for Organizing Kids Artwork
In school, kids are encouraged to create, draw, color, paint and build. These activities can certainly stimulate children, and help them grow.
Public Schools Can Cripple Your Childrens Ability To Read
For many adults, reading a book or newspaper seems effortless. Yet reading effortlessly comes from constant use of basic skills learned at an early age.
Back to School - Disappontment?
Our back-to-school buying habits do not help kids succeed in the classroom!Parents are buying new book bags, school clothes, tennis shoes, notebooks, pens, etc., with the mistaken belief that this will help their child succeed in school.
14 Romantic Time-Outs for Parents
Here are fourteen spontaneous time-outs, specially designed to help you pay the small attentions that are so integral to lasting intimacy.Day One: Spend 15 minutes kissing.
Children and Mom and Paper
Memorabilia - Children can create enough artwork for an entire gallery in a few short weeks. The key here is choices; establish a particular place-e.
Children Cooperate When Appreciated
Do you want your child to cooperate with you more?Children are much more likely to cooperate with adults who like being with them and who let them know they are worthwhile. This builds a level of trust and a feeling of safety.
Ready, Aim, Achieve! - Become An On-purpose Family Through Goal Setting
Successful families don't just happen. They take time, talent and planning.
Relate With Your Teen And Gain Their Trust
We were all teens at one time for some many years ago even if we don't like to admit it. Many of us can look back and say our teen years were good, but with many ups and downs as we approached adulthood.
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